- Their attacks on the Deity of
- Why did Jesus pray to the
Father? (John 17).
- Because as a man He
needed to pray to the Father.
- Because He was both God
and man (Col. 2:9; John 8:58 with Ex. 3:14).
- The two natures of
Christ are why we have two types of scripture concerning Jesus:
those that seem to focus on His divine-side, and those that seem
to focus on His human-side. The Jehovah's Witnesses are simply
ignoring, or changing, the divine-side scriptures and
concentrating on those that describe His human-side.
- Why did He say the Father was
greater than He (John 14:28)?
- This is because His
position was different than that of God, not His nature.
- Heb. 2:9 that Jesus is
made for a little while lower than the angels; that is, when He
became a man. The Father sent the Son (1 John 4:10).
- Why did He say, "Why call me
good, only God is good?" (Luke 18:19)?
- Jesus was confirming His own deity
because what He was doing was good.
- Ask them, "Was Jesus good?"
- Why did Jesus say that He could only
do those things that He saw the Father do? (John 5:19).
- This is an interesting verse and
it is one that proves the divinity of Christ, not that He wasn't
- Ask the Jehovah's Witness who can
do the same things God the Father can do? Could an angel? Could a
man? Of course not. Jesus, however, says He could do whatever He saw
the Father do. "I tell you the truth, the Son can do nothing by
himself; he can do only what he sees his Father doing, because
whatever the Father does the Son also does."
- The answer to these and other verses
like them is that Jesus has two natures. Jesus was fully man as well
as fully God and as a man there will be verses that show His humanity.
- Witnessing Approaches using the
- John 1:1:
They translate as "In the beginning was the word and the word was
with God and the word was a god."
- Ask if Satan is a true
god or a false God. The Jehovah's Witness will say a false god. Then
have them read aloud John 1:1 again in their Bible and ask them if
Jesus is a true god or a false one. If he says "true god," he's in
trouble because that would make Jesus true God -- which the JW's do
not believe. If he says "false god," he's in trouble because that
would make Jesus a false God.
- If Jesus is a god, then doesn't
that mean there are two gods? They often answer, "Yes. But Jesus is
not the Almighty God, He is only the mighty god. And besides, there
are those in the Bible who are called gods but really aren't."
- But, in Isaiah 10:21, God is called the Mighty God. So
if Jesus is not the Almighty God and only the mighty God, then
that makes Jesus God since GOD is called the mighty God.
- The problem with this is
that every God besides Jehovah is a false God. God says to have no
other God before Him (Exodus 20:3) because they are not by nature
gods (Gal. 4:8).
- But, there are those who are called gods such as Exodus 7:1
where God says to Moses, "See, I make you as God to Pharaoh,
and your brother Aaron shall be your prophet," (NASB).
God is not, of course, making Moses a god, but He is saying that
Moses will exhibit the power of God. But Jesus is not said
to be God in the same sense as Moses was said to be "as" God.
- Col. 1:15: Is used by the
Jehovah's Witnesses to say that Jesus is the first created thing. This
verse says, "He [Jesus] is the image of the invisible God, the
firstborn over all creation."
- The Jehovah's Witnesses
maintain that "firstborn" means first created. This cannot be the
- There is a Greek word
for "first created" and it is not used here.
- "First born" is proto,
"first," with tikto "to bring forth, bear, produce."
- There is no word used
in the New Testament for "first created." However, if there were,
the construction would be proto, "first," with ktizo "to create."
And this is not the construction used in Col. 1:1
- Firstborn can certainly mean the
first one born in a family. However, it can also mean preeminence.
- In Jeremiah 31:9, the
firstborn title is attributed to one of the tribes of northern
Israel. "They will come with weeping; they will pray as I bring
them back. I will lead them beside streams of water on a level
path where they will not stumble, because I am Israel's father,
and Ephraim is my firstborn son."
- Understanding biblical culture is
important when interpreting Scripture. Firstborn was a title, not
only of the first born male, but also of preeminence which is
precisely what is occurring when it is said that Jesus is the
- Col. 1:15-17 in the Jehovah's
Witness Bible has an addition of four words. Their version reads, "He
is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation;
because by means of him all [other] things were created in the heavens
and upon the earth, the things visible and the things invisible, no
matter whether they are thrones or lordships or governments or
authorities. All [other] things have been created through him and for
him. Also, he is before all [other] things and by means of him all
[other] things were made to exist," (Their word "[other]" is in
their Bible with the brackets. They maintain that they know it isn't in
the original Greek Scriptures but the word is implied and should be
- Instead of refuting the bad
translation, simply ask them if this means that Jesus created
everything. They will say yes. Review this and be very clear and get
them to admit that it was Jesus who created everything. Then turn
- Isaiah 44:24 "This is
what the LORD says -your Redeemer, who formed you in the womb: I am
the LORD, who has made all things, who alone stretched out the
heavens, who spread out the earth by myself."
- If Jesus created
everything, then why does it say that the Lord (Jehovah in the
Hebrew) did it by Himself?
- The only answer is that
Jehovah is not simply the name of the Father, but that it is the
name of God the Trinity. Therefore, since Jesus is God in flesh, it
could be said that Jesus created all things and that Jehovah did it
- You can also ask them to try to read
the section of verses and omit the word "other". You will find it to
be an interesting experience.
- John 8:58
in the Jehovah's Witness Bible says, "...Before Abraham
came into existence, I have been."
- They have translated the
present tense ego eimi, in the Greek, into the perfect tense, I have
been. Though this can be done rarely in the New Testament, it is not
correct here because Jesus was quoting the O.T. verse of Exodus 3:14
where God was telling Moses who He was: "God said to Moses, ‘I AM
WHO I AM. This is what you are to say to the Israelites: "I AM has
sent me to you."'" Jesus was purposely using the divine title: I
- The Jehovah's Witness won't
agree. So ask him if Jesus was saying that He "had been" before
Abraham, then why does it say in the next verse that the Jews pick up
stones to kill him?
- Additionally, about 250
years the Jews translated the Hebrew Scriptures into Greek. It is
called the Septuagint, also known as LXX. In the Septuagint Exodus
3:14 is translated in the Greek in a present tense, i.e., I AM... The
correct translation is, therefore, "Before Abraham was, I AM."
- If this verse should really
be translated as "I have been" then why did the Jews want to kill
Jesus? The answer is simple: They knew He was claiming to be God, see
the next example.
- John 10:30-34 is a section of
verses where the Pharisees say that Jesus is making Himself out to be
God (v. 33).
- "I and the Father
are one." Again the Jews picked up stones to
stone him, but Jesus said to them, "I have shown you many great
miracles from the Father. For which of these do you stone me?" "We are
not stoning you for any of these," replied the Jews, "but for
blasphemy, because you, a mere man, claim to be God."
- You can say, "See, even the
Jews knew He was claiming to be God. The Jehovah's Witness (if he's
quick enough) will say something like, "Jesus wasn't God, the Jew's
only thought that Jesus was claiming to be God." Then you can say,
"Oh, I see. Then let me get this right. You agree with the Pharisees,
Jesus wasn't God? Is that correct? The Jehovah's Witness will not like
it that he agrees with a Pharisee.
- Plurality in the Godhead
- The following group of
scriptures strongly suggests a plurality within the Godhead. These
verses are translated correctly in the Jehovah's Witness Bible so you
can encourage them to use it. The NIV is not as literal in its
translation in the Amos verses, so I recommend using either the King
James or the New American Standard Bible when doing your own.
- Gen. 1:26, "Then God
said, "Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness . . .
- They will say that
angels are the ones who helped God make man. However, there is no
scriptural evidence for that. God is the only creator.
- You can also take him
to Col. 1:15-17 where it says that Jesus is the creator of all
- Gen. 19:24, "Then the LORD
rained on Sodom and Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of
- Is this saying there
are two Lords, two Jehovah's?
- Amos 4:10-11, "‘I sent a plague
among you after the manner of Egypt; I slew your young men by the
sword along with your captured horses, and I made the stench of your
camp rise up in your nostrils; yet you have not returned to Me,'
declares the LORD. ‘I overthrew you as God overthrew Sodom and
Gomorrah . . . '"
- Jehovah is the one
talking and He says, "I overthrew you as God overthrew Sodom
and Gomorrah..." Very interesting.
- Isaiah 44:6, "Thus says the
LORD, the King of Israel and his Redeemer, the LORD of hosts: ‘I am
the first and I am the last, and there is no God besides me . . . ‘"
See also, Isaiah 48:1
- If you are reading these verses to
a Jehovah's Witness he might say something like, "Are you trying to
show the Trinity from these verses?" You can then say, "You got the
Trinity out of these? That's very interesting."
- These verses and others are more
fully developed in
The Plurality Study, which is a powerful tool for witnessing to
- John 20:25
says, "The other disciples therefore were saying to
him, ‘We have seen the Lord!' But he said to them, ‘Unless I shall see
in His hands the imprint of the nails, and put my finger into the place
of the nails, and put my hand into His side, I will not believe'"
- The Jehovah's Witnesses
deny that Jesus was crucified on a cross. They say it happened on a
torture stake where His wrists were put together over His head and a
single nail was put through both. If that is true, then why does
Thomas say "Unless I shall see in His hands the imprint of the
nails..." In the Greek the word used here for "nails", helos, is
in the plural. Therefore, there was more than one nail used in the
hands of the crucifixion of Christ.
- First and Last
- How many firsts and lasts
are there? In the Bible God is called the first and last and so is
Jesus. Since God says there is no God apart from Him and Jesus and God
are both addressed by the same title, then that poses a problem for
the Jehovah's Witness.
- Isaiah 44:6, "This is
what the LORD says -Israel's King and Redeemer, the LORD Almighty: I
am the first and I am the last; apart from me there is no God."
- Revelation 1:8, "I am
the Alpha and the Omega," says the Lord God, "who is, and who was,
and who is to come, the Almighty."
- Revelation 1:17-18,
"When I saw him, I fell at his feet as though dead. Then he placed
his right hand on me and said: "Do not be afraid. I am the First and
the Last. I am the Living One; I was dead, and behold I am alive for
ever and ever! And I hold the keys of death and Hades."
- Obviously, Rev. 1:17-18
can only refer to Jesus.
- Revelation 22:12-13, "Behold, I
am coming soon! My reward is with me, and I will give to everyone
according to what he has done. I am the Alpha and the Omega, the
First and the Last, the Beginning and the End."
- Here, both the "Alpha
and the Omega" and the "First and the Last" are said to be one and
- Also, at this point go
to Titus 2:13 where it says that Jesus is the one who is coming
soon, therefore, Jesus and Jehovah are the same.
- The Holy Spirit
- Jehovah's Witnesses teach
that the Holy Spirit is an active force like radar. They deny that He
is alive, that He is a person. This is, of course, because they deny
the Trinity. Yet, if the Holy Spirit is simply a force then...
- Why is He called God
- How is it that He can
teach (John 14:26)?
- How can He be blasphemed
- How can be the one who
comforts (Acts 9:31)?
- How is it possible for
Him to speak (Acts 28:25)?
- How then can He be
resisted (Acts 7:51)?
- How can He be grieved
- How can He help us in our
weaknesses (Rom. 8:26)?
- If the Holy Spirit is a force, then
how is it possible that the above mentioned phenomena are attributed
to Him? A force doesn't speak, teach, comfort, etc.
- Nor can you blaspheme against a
- The Resurrection of Jesus
- The Jehovah's Witnesses
deny the physical resurrection of Jesus. They say that if the
sacrifice of Jesus were real then the body had to stay in the grave.
They say that He rose in a spirit body. This body was a manifestation
similar to the way angels manifested themselves in the Old Testament.
- The problem with their
view is that the angels were not incarnated. Jesus became a man by
birth, therefore, He had a real, physical body, a permanent body. In
fact, right now, Jesus is in heaven in the form of a man. He still
has two natures, God and man, and will eternally be that.
- For scriptural proof of Jesus being
raised in the same body He died in, consider the following verses.
- In John 2:19-22 before
the crucifixion Jesus said, "Destroy this temple and in three
days I will raise it up...He was speaking of the temple of His
body." Since Jesus said He would raise the same body He died in,
then it must be true.
- This last verse is
worth focusing on. Remember, Jesus said He would be the one to
raise His body. So, it must be true.
- John 20:27 -(to Thomas) "reach
your finger...and put it into My side..."
- If Jesus were not
raised from the dead, then why did He have a physical body.
- They will reply that it was a
temporary body materialized so the apostles would believe that He
was raised. Yet, this is not what Jesus said in John 2:19-22.
He said He would raise His very body.
- Luke 24:39 - "a spirit does not
have flesh and bones as you see I have."
- Jesus said that He had
"flesh and bones" not "flesh and blood." This is important because
flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God (1 Cor. 15:50).
The blood of Jesus was the sacrifice for sin (Rom. 5:9). It is the
blood that cleanses us of our sin (Heb. 9:22).
- The blood of Jesus was
shed on the cross and so, most probably, Jesus doesn't have any
functioning blood in His body.
- Similarities between the Jehovah's
Witnesses and the Pharisees:
- Both deny the Trinity and
the Deity of Christ
- Both deny the physical
resurrection of Christ and salvation by grace alone.
"Basic Christian Doctrine" by Matthew